About 1 in 7 men in the U.S. get prostate cancer. More than 27,500 die from it each year; it’s the second-leading cause of cancer deaths in men.
What puts you at higher risk of prostate cancer?
- The prostate is part of the male reproductive anatomy, so only males are affected
- Being over 50 (60% of cases are diagnosed in men 65 and older)
- Having a close relative with prostate cancer
- Being African-American
- High levels of the hormone testosterone
- Supplementing with vitamin E or folate (folic acid)
How can you lower your risk for developing prostate cancer?
- Get at least 45 minutes of physical activity/exercise 5 days per week
- Maintain a healthy body weight
- Eat lots of fruits and vegetables
- Eat fatty fish (salmon, tuna, mackerel, herring, etc.) high in omega-3 fatty acids
- Limit dairy and calcium consumption to recommended levels
- Treat high testosterone with finasteride or dutasteride
How can you help ensure early detection for more effective treatment?
- Talk to your doctor about your risk factors and how often you should have a digital rectal exam (DRE) and a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
- Mention signs and symptoms to your doctor right away; early stages often don’t cause symptoms, but some common ones in later stages include trouble urinating or a weak urine stream, blood in the semen, difficulty getting or keeping an erection, pelvic pain or discomfort, and bone pain
Check out these useful resources about prostate cancer prevention: