Childhood Cancer Prevention

Leukemias, cancers of the blood and bone marrow, make up about 30% of childhood cancers.  

What are common childhood cancers? 

  • Leukemias are the most common childhood cancers
  • Brain/central nervous system tumors are second most common, accounting for around ¼ of childhood cancers
  • Neuroblastoma usually affects infants and young children, and often starts in the belly, making up about 6% of childhood cancers
  • Wilms tumors begin in a kidney (or rarely both kidneys) and usually affect children 3 to 4, accounting for around 5% of childhood cancers
  • Lymphomas attack certain immune system cells, with tumors often growing on lymph nodes, tonsils, or the thymus; the two main types, Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin, make up about 3% and 5% of childhood cancers respectively
  • Various bone cancers tend to affect older children and teens and account for around 3% of childhood cancers
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma tumors usually start in cells that grow into skeletal muscles, making up about 3% of childhood cancers
  • Retinoblastoma is an eye cancer, most often affecting children around 2, and it accounts for around 2% of childhood cancers 

Different childhood cancers have different risk factors, and often there isn’t much to do for prevention. As with other cancers, early detection is important. Symptoms and warning signs often look like other more common, less dangerous childhood illnesses. If you notice any, bring them to your pediatrician’s attention right away. 

What are some common signs and symptoms of childhood cancers?

  • A strange lump, mass, or swelling
  • Paleness or lack of energy
  • Sudden easy bruising
  • Steady pain in one area
  • Limping
  • Continuing unexplained fever or illness
  • Headaches, often with vomiting
  • Eye changes or vision problems
  • Rapid weight loss

Check out these useful resources about childhood cancers:

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For more information on childhood cancer visit one of our partner organizations.

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Concerned Citizens to Combat Cancer

Concerned Citizens to Combat Cancer

Providing educational resources about cancer risks, prevention, screenings and treatment options and providing screening opportunities to detect cancer.

Central Florida Black Nurses Association

Central Florida Black Nurses Association

Investigating, defining and implementing change in the minority community by utilizing their professional skills to motivate consumers to make healthy lifestyle choices.

Center for Multicultural Wellness & Prevention

Center for Multicultural Wellness & Prevention

501(c) 3 organization offering non-clinical, culturally and linguistically sensitive outreach services to diverse populations in Central Florida.

Cancer Alliance of Marion County

Cancer Alliance of Marion County

Communications network for cancer care professionals, patients, their families and survivors.

Body Check Journal

Body Check Journal

Sells journals allowing children and adults to track subtle changes in their bodies.

American Cancer Society

American Cancer Society

A nationwide voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer.

Our Resource Partners